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By S^. B. McGAVRAN, M. D. 

•rKi,isHi:i> \;\ -iiii-; hahuison ikiki m. 
(ADiz. OHIO, .M;i\ 17. I-iM. 


Kiilei-cd MfCDi-ding Id Act of ( uh^ion, in ilie year lsM4, liy A. li. l.acey. 
Ill tlif Ortice of Ilic I.ihraiian (il' ( Onjfivss, in Wa-liiiiiLrtiPii. 

All i-iulUs i-csiTvcd. 





I oifer to you a history of your county and mine, 
and, in doing- so, I do not hope to present a perfect 
picture of the g'rowth and developement of this coun- 
ty from its birth in the wilderness to its present 
proud position anions- the rich and enlig-htened coun- 
ties of the State of Ohio. I cannot hope to do more 
than rescue from oblivion and place in readable and 
consecutive form, such facts that it ma}' contain, and 
trust that some one in the future may more adequate- 
ly perform this task. 



rHK layinju- of the corner-stone of our new court 
house, this the 17th day of May, 1894, fur- 
nishes an auspicious occasion for the study of 
events which comprise the warp and woof of our civili- 
/.ation and our prosperity. The early inhabitants 
oF the county were from New Jersey, Delaware, 
Maryland and Pennsylvania. The}" were men of in- 
telligence, enliw-htened jud^"ment, iron nerve and 
indomitable perseverance. 

At the time of the or^-anization of our county in 1813 
its limits were almost an unbroken wilderness. The 
wolf, bear and deer roamed at large. The forest 
was here in all its native majesty and beauty. 
Here in this wilderness home our pioneer fathers lo- 
cated. Their history might be told in a few words, 
they built a log- cabin — they went to work with ax 
in hand, prepared to level to the earth the stout mon- 
arch of the forest, and make for themselves and fami- 
lies permanent homes, and thereby" establish upon a 
new and virgin soil the securities and blessings of a 
civilization from which they had been voluntarily di- 
xorced. The life of a pioneer was a continued war 
fare with wild and uncultivated nature. There was no 
hardship they were not willing to endure, no sacrifi- 
ces they w^ere not ready to incur. None can tell 
what has been endured, nor how much expended to 
convert the deep sounding forests into our present 

Of Harrison County, Ohio. 5 

fertile fields. The early settlers of our county were 
precursors of a mijjfhty race, continually strug-g-ling- for 
better conditions, and in their pursuit of lands and 
wealth and happiness, they soug"ht protection in the 
establishment of g-ood g-overnment — g-overnment 
which should gfuarantee liberty to all alike in civic af- 
fairs, and uniformity of rig^hts in matters of relig"ion. 
The history of our people is not that of conquests of 
war, but the victories of peace. 


The act establishing- the county of Harrison passed 
the legfislature January 2d, 1813, to take effect Jan- 
uary 1st, 1814. On January 12th the legfislature 
amended the act making* it take effect Februar}- 1st, 
1813. On January 14th, 1813, the legfislature passed 
a resolution appointing- three commissioners to locate 
the county seat for Harrison county. On April 15th, 
1813, Jacob Myers, Joseph Richardson and Robert 
Speer, as commissioners named in the resolution of 
January 14th, 1813, to locate a seat of justice for 
Harrison county, made a report to the common pleas 
court of Jefferson county, fixing- Cadiz as the seat of 
justice for said county. 


At a meeting- of the commissioners on the 12th of 
April 1813, they contracted with Joseph Harris for 
his Sto)ic Smoke House for a J(iil, and employed 
Charles Chapman to make the necessary repairs. 
The commissioners at their meeting- August 3d, 1813, 
entered into a contract with George Mires, he being- 
the lowest bidder, to build a wooden jail for the sum 
of one thousand four hundred and eig-hty-five dollars. 
Built of sound oak logfs well hewn. September 25th, 
1837, the commissioners decided to build a second jail 
and awarded the contract to Jos. Divine and James 

6 A Brief History 

Crossen, for eio'ht thousand two hundred and 
forty-nine dollars. March 6th, 1873, the commis- 
sioners contracted the building- of the third jail for the 
sum of $14,674. It was built of stone, slate roof 
with eig-ht iron cells. It was a very suitable build- 
ing. On June 5th, 1893, the roof was entirely de- 
stroyed by fire, and the walls more or less damaged. 
The stones were sold to the contractor of the new 
court house. At this time we have no jail, our pris- 
oners are kept in the town lock-up. 

The first courts of Harrison county were held at 
the houses of Thos. Stokes and Wm. Grimes. Per- 
manent arrangements were made at a meeting of the 
commissioners held April 12, 1813, when they enter- 
ed into an article of agreement with the trustees of 
the Associate Reform Congregation in Cadiz, for the 
use of a meeting house belonging to said society for 
the term of three years, for the purpose of holding" 
judicial courts in and for said county. At a meeting 
of the commissioners held October 24, 1815, this 
article of agreement was renewed with John McFad- 
den and John Jamison, trustees, for the use of the 
meeting house for the term of three years, or until 
the court house for said county shall be finished. The 
first term of court was held in the house of Thomas 
Stokes, the 3d day of May, 1813. This was a special 
court and not much business transacted. The sec- 
ond term of court was held Aug-ust 24, 25 and 26. 
Judges, Hon. Benjamin Ruggles, President, and 
James Roberts, Samuel Boyd and Ephraim Seers. 
Esquires, Associate Judges in said county of Harri- 
son. The court appointed Walter B. Beebe prosecu- 
ting attorney for the State of Ohio in Harrison 
county. The court also ordered that Walter B. 
Beebe be allowed the sum of S33.331 for 

Of Harris())i Coioi/y, Ohio. 7 

his services as prosecutor for the said Aug"ust 
term. The following- grand jurors appeared: 
Andrew McNeely, foreman; William Smith, Tachery 
Baker, William Mercer, William Hamilton, Samuel 
Gilmore, William Moore, Thomas Hitchcock, John 
McConnell, William Conwell, Richard McKibben, 
and John Tag-g^art. On motion of Mr. Beebe, 
who produced to the court the credentials of William 
Knox, a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
satisfying- the court that the said William has been 
reg-ularly ordained as minister in said church accord- 
ing- to the usages thereof, the said William Knox was 
licensed to solemnize marriag-es in the State so 
long- as he, the said William, continues a reg-ular 
minister in said church. The court ordered a license 
to be g-ranted to John Adams, to keep a tavern at his 
place of residence in Notting-ham township, for one 
year; also to William Grimes, Mr. Middie, Mr. Niel 
and Mr. Maholm, to keep a tavern in Cadiz. 

The first jury drawn and empanelled were: 
John Paxton, Samuel Osburn, Jonathan Seers, Robt. 
Croskey, Samuel Dunlap, James McMillen, Samuel 
Huff, David Barrett, John Clark, Andrew Richey, 
James Porter and Benjamin Johnson. The g-rand 
jury returned one indictment for larceny, four for 
riot, and seven for assault and battery. 

At a meeting- of the commissioners July b, 1815, 
they g-a-ve public notice that on the first Monday of 
September next, they would offer at public sale the 
erection of a brick court house, for the use of said 
county. On the 10th of Augfust, 1815, the commis- 
sioners fixed the spot of g-round on which the court 
house for the use of said county is to be built and 
caused the same to be surveyed off from the public 
g-round in the town of Cadiz. On September 4, 1815 

8 A Brief History 

the commissioners exposed at public sale the build- 
ing- of a brick court house, forty-two feet square, 
which was knocked off to one John McCurdy, he 
being- the lowest bidder, for the sum of five 
thousand six hundred and ninety-five dollars. This 
court house was to be finished bv the first of April 

On the 24th of July, 1827, the contract was g-iven to 
John Olmstead to build the county offices, for the 
sum of SI, 299. The bell for the court house was 
furnished by Daniel Kilg-ore, June 6, 1829. This 
court house remained the seat of justice for seventy- 
four years, and during- all this time was used for 
many purposes other than those of justice. Meet- 
ing-s of all kinds touching- the public interests were 
held within its walls. 

County officials of 1813: Auditor, Walter B. 
Beebe; Treasurer, Samuel Osburn; Clerk of Courts, 
William Ting-ley; Prosecuting- Attorney, Walter B. 
Beebe; Sheriff, Elescondo Henderson; County Re- 
corder, William Ting-ley; Coroner, Charles Chap- 
man; County Commissioners, John Pug-h, James Co- 
bean, Eleazer Hoff. 

County officials of 1894: Auditor, H. (i. Forker: 
Treasurer, N. E. Clendennin; Clerk of Courts, M. 
J. McCoy; Prosecuting- Attorney, William T. Perry: 
Sheriff, D. P. Host; Countv Recorder, Thomas Ar- 
baugfh; Coroner, S. H. Kent, D. V. S.; County Com- 
missioners, Thomas Ryder, William C. Adams. 
John W. Spiker. 


On the 21st of January, 1893, a meeting- was held 
in the Auditor's office to take action, by which the 
matter of the erection of a new court house as a neces- 
sity to the count}'" should be put in motion. At this 

Of Harrison Coiofly, U/iio. 9 

meeting- Col. John S. Pearce was appointed to pre- ' 
pare a memorial to the legislature, setting- forth the 
need of a new court house. Maj. Cunning-ham and 
S. B. McGavran to draft a bill to be submitted to 
the leg"islature, for .its approval, authorizing- the 
county commissioners to issue bonds in the amount 
not exceeding- S100,000 with which to build a new 
court house in Cadiz. The memorial and bill were 
duly forwarded to our Representative, Hon. R. 
(t, Kean. The following- is the copy of the memo- 
rial as prepared b^^ Col. Pearce: 


We, the undersig-ned citizens of Harrison county, 
do herebv respectfully petition \'our honorable body 
to enact a law authorizing- and requiring- the com- 
missioners of said county, to build a new court house 
at Cadiz, the present countv seat, of sufficient size 
to contain suitable rooms for the holding- of the sev- 
eral courts for said county, including- that of the pro- 
bate court and all the count}' offices, not to exceed, 
however, in price, the sum of one hundred thousand 
dollars, and we state the following- reasons therefor: 

First: The present court house and the other 
County building-s which are outside of it, are all old 
and in a dilapidated condition, having- been built in 
the year 181b, and are now too small and crowded for 
the proper and safe keeping- of their records and of- 
fice papers, and the convenient transaction of busi- 
ness therein, and especially have they become very 
unsafe places for the keeping- of such records and 
papers. The court house is so constructed that it 
is almost impossible, especially during- sessions of the 
g-rand jury, to hold court therein, on account of the 
confusion created thereb}', the grand jury ard -ts 
witnesses havino- no other mtans of acct^^s lo tht 

10 A Brief History 

jury room than by a stairway in said court room 
and owing- to the construction of the building- this 
cannot be remedied, and has always existed. 

Second : The office of the Probate Judgfe is in the 
rooms over the fire eng-ine house, formerly the old 
market house, and is (if possible) in a worse condition 
for the want of capacity, and convenience for the 
transaction of its business and safety of its records, 
than any of the other offices. This room is not only 
a very unsafe place, for the records and papers of 
such office, the destruction of which, by fire, would 
cost the county more than would the building- of a 
new court house, but it is also difficult and dang"er- 
ous of access, especially so, for aged and infirm per- 
sons. The truth is, not one of the county building-s 
is a safe place for the keeping- of its records and 
office papers, the destruction of which in any of them, 
by fire, would be an irreparable and incalculable loss 
to the county. 

Third: A new court house containing- all the 
county offices and court rooms, would not only be a 
great convenience to those having- business to trans- 
act with them, but would be economy in the end in 
the expenditure of the public money, in providing- 
places of safety for the public records and papers, 
and convenient transaction of business therein. 

The foreg-oing- are some of the facts upon which 
we base this application for a new court house, others 
mig-ht be g'iven, but we deem it unnecessary to do so; 
those given being- sufficient in our judg-ment to justi- 
fy this petition and its prayers. Should there be 
any question made as to the correctness of the above 
statements of facts we would respectfully ask that 
your honorable body appoint a suitable committee to 
make a personal examination of them for itself. 

Of Harn'so)i County, Ohio. 11 

The following- is the copy of the bill as prepared 
by Major Cunninofham: 

Section i. Be it enacted by the General Assem- 
bly of the State of Ohio: That the commissioners of 
Harrison county, Ohio, are hereby authorized and re- 
quired to construct, without unnecessary delay, a 
court house on the public square at the county seat 
of said county, at a cost not to exceed one hundred 
thousand dollars. For the construction of such 
building, bids are to be received as provided by law; 
but no bid shall be entertained by said commissioners 
that shall exceed the sum of one hundred thousand 
dollars as herein authorized for the completion of the 
entire building. 

Section 2. That the county commissioners of said 
county, for the purpose of constructing said court 
house, are hereby authorized to borrow such sums of 
money as may be necessary, at a rate not exceeding 
six per cent, per annum, and issue the bonds of said 
county to secure the payment of principal and inter- 
est thereon; such interest shall be paid semi-annually 
at the office of the county treasurer. Said bonds 
shall be issued and sold in all respects in pursuance 
of existing law at not less than their face value, and 
the principal shall be paid at the said county treas- 
urer's office at such times as the commissioners shall 
prescribe, not exceeding nine years after date, and 
said bonds shall specify the object for which they 
were issued. The commissioners shall, annually, at 
their June session, levy such amount of taxes as 
will fully meet the interest on such indebtedness and 
at least one-ninth of the principal. 

Section j. This act shall take eflFect and be in 
force from and after its passage. 

The bill was introduced in the House of Represen- 
tatives January 27th by Hon. R. G. Kean, and read 

12 A Brie/ History 

the second time January 30th, and referred to chj 
committee on count}' affairs. Mr, Kean announce 1 
that the bill would not be hurried through, but that 
sufficient time would be g^iven to discuss the claims 
for the new court house as set up in the memorial of 
Col. Pearce. The opposition to the bill became so 
formidable that the committee of county affairs came 
to Cadiz on Friday, the 17th day of February. 1893. 
After the committee in this manner investigated the 
necessity for a new court house for themselves, they 
reported favorable, and the bill passed the House 
February 28, 1S93, without a dissenting vote. 

A like committee of the Senate visited. Cadiz, 
March 17. 1893, and after a complete examination of 
our old buildings and hearing arguments on both 
sides, the bill was recommended favorablv and passed 
March 22, 1893. 

A supplementary act "passed the House April 13, 
1893, autiorizing the Judge of Common Pleas Court 
to appoint a building committee. The Court ap- 
pointed David Cunning-ham, William H. Arnold, A. 
O. Barnes and W. A. Holmes. 

The building committee, with the count}' commis- 
sioners, W. C. Adams, Thos. H. Ryder and John W. 
Spiker, employed Yost and Packard, of Columbus, 
Ohio, as architects. The plans and specifications 
were carefulh' prepared, and the building of the 
court house was awarded to E. M. Long, of Bow- 
erston, August 12, 1893, the contract price beinii" 


The building will be in round numbers 100 feet 
square. No. 1 Berea stone for body and«Oolitic lime 
stone for trimmings. The Berea stone comes from 
the Cleveland Stone Company, of Cleveland, Ohio, 

14 A Brief History 

The lime stone from the Oolite Quarry Company, of 
Spencer, Indiana. The basement, which is all above 
the g-rade line, will contain a larg-e public hall, with 
a committee room attached; two large rooms suitable 
for the post-office or the public library; one largfe 
office, lavatory, heating- room, fuel room, etc. ; the 
Smead system of dry closets; wide windows, tile 
floors, making- every part of basement easy of access. 
On the first floor will be found the Auditor's office, 
with book room, and a door opening- into the Com- 
missioner's office. Opposite the Auditor's office will 
be the Treasurer's office and the Surveyor's office. 
In the rear of the first floor will be found the Re- 
corder's office, the Probate Court and the Prosecut- 
ing- Attorney's office. Wide corridors leading- to the 
rotunda, make every part of the floor easy of access. 

The floors in the corridors and outside the railing's, 
will be of tile, all other floors of oak laid on concrete. 

On the second floor there will be the Court Room, 
with the ceiling- of ornamented leaded gflass, with a 
sky-lig-ht above, gfuaranteeing- a gfood lig-ht and a 
pleasant room. In connection, and conveniently lo- 
cated, will be rooms for male and female witnesses, 
the Judg-e's room, offices of the Clerk and Sheriff, 
Grand Jury room, Petit Jury room, and Library. 

The building- will be heated by hot water, wired 
for electric lig-hts, and plumbed for g-as and water. 

The entire building- will be made as near fire-proof 
as possible. All the floors, beams, ceiling-s, and roof 
construction will be of iron. A tower 112 feet higfh 
will ornament the building-, in which will be a town 
clock and on it a fig-ure of Justice. 

The following- are the names of the Presiding- and 
Associate Judg-es in Harrison county up to 1852: 

Of Harrison CoiDity, Ohio. 15 

Benjamin Rug-g-les, Geo. W. Belden, Wm. Kennon, 
Benj. S. Cowan. 

James Roberts, Samuel Boyd, Ephraim Sears, 
Matthew Simpson, Alex. Henderson, John McCul- 
loug-h, John McCurdy, Thomas Bingham, David 
Campbell, John McBean, Robert Maxwell, Joseph 
Hunter, Alexander Patterson, John Hanna, Samuel 
Moorehead, Thomas Lee, Jas. Maxwell, Wm. Mc- 
Farland, Wm. Boggs. 

I herewith submit a complete list of the county 
officials and members of the State Legislature from 
the organization of the county down to the present 


John McLaughlin John Dunlap, Samuel G. Ber- 
ry hill, Matthexj Simpson.^^ James Roberts, Daniel 
Kilg-ore, Joseph Holmes, Thomas C. Vincent, John 
Brady, Chaiincey Dexvcy, Robert H. Miller, John 
Hastings, Pinckney Lew^is, Samuel G. Peppard, 
David Allen, Charles War/el, Isaac HoUoway, Afar- 
shall Ale Call, Isaac Welch, Joh)i C. Jamison, Henry 
West, James B. Jamison, Sani I Knox, David Wag- 
ener, D. A. Hollingsxvorth, Solomon Hogue, George 
W. Glover, Chas. N. Snyder, J. W. Nichols, Charles 
Af. Hog-g-. 


Stephen Ford, Robt. Patterson, Andrew McNeely, 
James Willson, Thomas Elliott, James Moores, 
William Moore, John Patterson, Ephraim Sears, 
William Willy, Walter B. Beebe, Joseph Rea, Saml. 
W. Bostwick, John Gruber, Josiah Scott, William 
McFarland, Jacob Lemmon, Samuel A. Russell, Wm. 

* Were residents of the County. 

16 A Brief Hislory 

Hammond, Marshall McCall, Reynolds K. Price, 
Kphraim Clark, James Day, William H. McGavran. 
John Latham, Smith R. Watson, Ing^ram Clark. 
Le^vis Lewton, Anderson P. Lacey, David Cun- 
ning-ham, Samuel Herron, A. C. Nixon, Jesse For- 
sythe, Oliver G. Cope, Samuel B. McGavran, Jas- 
per N. Lantz, Geo. M. Patton, Wesley B. Hearn. 
Robert G. Kean, Samuel K. McLaug-hlin. 

Brice W. Viers, Allen C. Turner, Kmon Lemmon, 
E. B. McNamee. 


The first Auditor for Clerk of the Commissioners 
as the office was then called) was Walter B. Beebe, 
who held the position until Nov. 4, 1816, and Lared 
Stinson was appointed, and after that J. S. Hanna. 
Subsequently the Auditors have been: 

Joseph Herris, Joseph Meek, James Miller, Chas. 
Patterson, Z. Ba^dess, J. Sharp, R. Edney, R. K. 
Price, John Sloan, Wm. S. Gramfell, S. W. Kinsev, 
Samuel Knox, W. H. McCoy, R. A. McCormick. 
W. O. Potts, T. W. Giles, J. M. Scott. Henry 
Spence, Geo. A. Crew, H. G. Forker. 

Samuel Osburn. J. S. Lacey, Samuel McCormick. 
James McNutt, Wm. Millig-an, Zephem.iah Bayless. 
Ralph Barcroft, David Hilbert, John Russell, Thos. 
Richey, Frank Grace, W. S. Poulson, Elias Foust, 
Geo. A. Haverfield, H. L. Thompson, N. B. Pumph- 
rey, A. J. Harrison, S. A. Moore, N. E. Clendennin. 
Robert Stewart. 


Walter B. Beebe, Josiah Scott, Edwin M. Stanton. 
S. W. Bostwick, Thos. L. Jewett, S. G. Peppard. 

Of Harrison Cou)il\\ Ohio. 17 

A. C. Turner. Lewis Lewton, Jesse H. McMath. 
Amon Lemmon, W. P. Haves, David Cunnino-ham, 
John S. Pearce, D. A. Holling-sworth. John C. Giv- 
en, John M. Garvin. Walter G. Shotwell, William 
T. Perrv. 


William Tincrlev, Thomas C. Vincent, Samuel M. 
McCormick, Chas. Patterson, T. C. Rowels, R. M. 
Lvons, John Fog-le, J. M. Garvin, A. W. Scott, E. 
B: McNamee. M. J. McCoy, E. B. Kirby. - 


William Ting-lev, I. Harris, Wm. Johnson," S. M. 
McCormick, M. M. Sloan, Wm. Boyce, Lancelot 
Hearn, Wm. A. Hern, Joseph Rea, Geo. Woodburn, 
John Graybill, L. B. Grimes, A. B. Hines, Thomas 


Elescondo Henderson, James Bos well, John Stokes, 
Rezin Arnold, Barrick Dickerson, John S. Lacey, 
Matthew McCoy, James McNut, William Millig-aii. 
William Cadv, William Barrett, David Hilbert, Jas. 
Bovd, Alex. Barger, E. S. Woodburn, S. K. McGee. 
J. E. McPeck, James Moore, S. S. Hamill, Elisha 
Harg-rave, E. Howard, J. C. Carver, J. C. Glover. 
A. Ouig-ley, D. P. Host. 


John Pug^h, James Cobean, Eleazer Huff; Wm, 
Wiley, Wm. Phillips, John Craig-, Robert Maxwell, 
Wm. Henderson, Joseph Holmes, David Thompson, 
Thos. Martin, Brice W. Viers, John Caldwell, Hen- 
ry Ford, John Ramag-e. Samuel Colvin, Jesse Mer- 
rill, John Sharp, Andrew Riche}', James P. Beall, 
Thomas Day, John Downing-, James Hog-land, Sam- 
uel Hitchcock, Samuel Richev, Luther Rowley, John 
Carrick, John Yost, Elijah Carver, Joseph Masters, 

18 A Brief History 

Jacob Cramlct, Jackson Croskey, Chas. Wells, Jas. 
J. Billing-sley. Walter Craig", Andrew Jamison, Levi 
Snyder, Wm. Evans, James Patton, John Sloan, 
Alex. Henderson, John Latham, Thos. McMillen, 
K. W. Phillips, Geo. Love, L. M. Branson, Jackson 
Rea, John Miller, M. B. Fierbaujj-h, R. B. Moore, 
Andrew Smith, John W. Spiker, Wm. C. Adams, 
Thos. H. Ryder. 

Harrison county has furnished two Cong-ressman, 
Daniel Kilg-ore and John A. Bing-ham. Two mem- 
bers of the Board of Equalization, Walter Jamison, 
and C. A. Skinner. Members of Constitutional 
Conventions, 1850 1851, Samuel Moorehead; 1872— 
1873, William G. Waddle. 

The Cadiz bar has been honored by men of talent 
among the most prominent of whom were: Walter 


Of Harriso)i County, Ohio. 19 

B. Beebe, Edwin M. Stanton, Chauncey Dewey, 
Stewart B. Shotwell, Samuel W. Bostwick, Samuel 
A. Russell, Josiah Scott, Joseph Sharon, Jesse H. 
McMath, Lewis Lewton, J. M. Estep. 

At this time, May 10, 1894, the following- attor- 
neys are actively eng-agfed in practicing- in Cadiz: — 
David Cunning-ham, John S. Pearce, Amon Lem- 
mon, David A. Holling-sworth, John M. Garvin, 
Walter G. Shotwell, A. O. Barnes, Milton Tag-g-art, 
James Moore, John Busbv,W. T, Perry, J. B.Worley, 
P. W. Bog-g-s. 

Surveyor in 1813, Hug-h Shotwell. Surveyor in 
1894, Jacob Jarvis. 



At a special meeting- of the commissioners April 
23, 1825, they made a contract wnth Samuel Boyd for 
104 acres of land, (this farm is now^ owmed by 
Norwood and Samuel Hedgfes,) for a poor farm for 
said county, and there being- a house thereon, the 
commissioners appointed Walter B. Beebe, Thomas 
Lewis, Jacob Webb, Michael Moore, Joseph Johnson, 
John Hurless, John Patterson, and Matthew Simp- 
son, directors of the poor establishment in our said 
county. March 20, 1826, the directors of the poor 
reported that the}^ had taken possession of the poor 
house and appointed John Willson as superintendent. 

Number of inmates — males 3, females 1. 

Paid Supt. for keeping- poor and clothing- same 

20 A Brief History 

Paid Supt. for making rails S(>.00. 

Paid Supt. for makinj^ stakes, SI. 00. 

To Samuel Lewis for support of outdoor p()orS12. 

ToDr.W. R. Slemmons medical attendance, S4.00. 

To Walter B. Beebe, blank book, S2.00. 


On the 3d da}^ of April, 1832, the commissioners, 
Thomas Martin, David Thompson and John Cald- 
well, contracted with Sheridan Cox for 303 acres of 
land in Archer township for $3636, for the poor farm. 
The commissioners trave Robert Watson S240.85 
for building- a poor house on this farm. This farm 
was sold to Matthew McCo}'. Georo-e Cox, super- 


On the 1st day of April, 1835, Henry Ford, John 
RamatJfe and Samuel Colvine, commissioners, bou^fht 
from Walter McClintock, 60 acres of land, also in 
Archer township for S450 for a poor house farm. 
This farm is now owned by Benjamin Reed. The 
directors of the poor house at this time were Edmund 
Tipton, Daniel Welch and William Arnold. This 
farm was sold Au<jfust 1, 1845, to Samuel Pitten}j;-er 
and Abraham Busby. Supt. at this time Wm. 
Speer. Number of inmates 9. 


The commissioners on the 6th of June, 1845, pur- 
chased from Nathaniel McFadden, 124 acres of land 
for an infirmary, situated on the State road leadiny 
from Cadiz to New Philadelphia, for the sum of 
S4000. On the 6th of Au^-ust, 1845, the commiss- 
ioners entered into an article of ag^reement with 
Thomas McCreary and Henrv Boyles as principal, 
and William Ting-ley, John Olmstead and Chauncey 

Of Harn's<))i Coioity, Ohio. 21 

Dewey as securities, for the buildinjj- of the poor 
house. The building was 74 feet long and 40 feet 
wide, built of brick, two stories hig-h, for the sum of 

This building; remained in use until 1884, when 
the question of building- a new infirmary was sub- 
mitted to a vote of the people, and carried b}^ a larg-e 
majoricy. A new building- was therefore erected in 
1884-5. It is a handsome structure, three stories 
hig-h. The basement of stone, the balance brick; 
contains 01 rooms, and is heated by hot air. The 
official report, ending- September, 18^3, shows the 
the number of inmates 48. The infirmary farm con- 
tains about 400 acres. Welch Rog-ers was appointed 
superintendent April 1, 1894. In this institution the 
benevolent spirit of the county finds its noblest ex- 

1 N !■ I li.Vl A i; V l>I K WTOKS. 

Walter 15. lieeljc, 
Tlioinas Lewis 
Mattliew siin|)soii, 
Mifliael Mooi-e, 
•lose^jh Jolin.son, 
John Ilnrless, ' 
John Patterson, 
Jacob Webb, 
< haiincy Oewey, 
Mattliew McCoy, 
Thomas Wilson, 
Thomas Taylor, 
♦ ieorge Cox. 
Samuel W. Bostwick, 
.John Prichard, 
William Henderson, 
•Tohn Patterson, 
Josiah Scott. 
Daniel Welsh, 
Kdmiind Tipton, 
Robert H. Miller, 
Wm. Ai'nold, 
Wm. Smiley, 
Jacob Kheam, 
David Finnieuin, 
.Iact)b Hootman, 
Daniel Mcllrevy, 
Henry Maxwell. 
Samuel McCormick. 
.Joseph McCullough, 
-Jacob Hines. 
AbrabaiH Busby, 

John Welch, 
James Lee, 
Robert Orr. 
Josiah Crawford, 
Robert Ciivin. 
John Haverlield, 
Samuel Moorehead, 
Hugh Ncllravy. 
John Conaway, 
John Rogers, 
Samuel Adams, 
John C. Barger. 
Alexander Haverlield, 
John Lisle, 
John Osborn, 
John X. Haverlield, 
Wm. Spiker. 
Henry Fisher, 
<ieo. Heberlin, 
James X. Adams, 
J. O. Kennedy, 
John Roley, 
Samuel Dickerson, 
James .J. Billingsley. 
\. A. Lavvreuce, 
S. W. Adams. 
John McDivitt, 
John Beadle. 
John Bardav, 
.Tames M. Hines. 
.lohi! X. IL'i))));i. 


John Wilson, 
Samuel Boyd, 
John ^mspokei'. 
Georjje Cox, 
William Speer, 
.Samuel Ams))oker, 
Benjamin Kichej-, 
Samuel Baker, 
Thomas Ban-ett, 

A Brief History 


Cialniel Holland, 
Alexander Holland, 
K. McKee, 
James Keesey, 
John Robl), 
E. Z. Evans, 
Alex. English, 
Welch Rogers. 


The Harrison County Children's Home is located 
in the eastern part of the county, one mile 
southeast of the corporate limits of Cadiz. 

The farm consists of twenty-five acres, with two 
sprino-s of water on it, and is pertiaps one of the 
most favorable situations in the county. 

The Home is on the Cottaofe plan. 

The building-s, except the barn, are brick, and 
were all made on the g-rounds, — facing- brick weie 

The main building, 80x46 feet, is two stories hig-h 
above a nine foot basement, and has an eigfht foot fin- 
ished attic. It has twenty-three rooms, and all are 
amph' larg-e for their several requirements. 

The Cottag-e fronts the pike but stands back fifty 
feet, is 80x26 feet, two stories. First floor contains 
boys' and g-irls' play rooms, with Cottag-e Matron's 
room in center. On the second floor are the dormi- 
tories and wardrobes. These rooms can easily be 
flooded with sunlig-ht and air, which makes them 
very healthy for sleeping- in. 

The heating- is all done by g-rates and hall stoves. 

Of Harrison County, Ohio. 23 

The water supply is g"ood, having two cisterns with 
capacity of five hundred barrels and put into the 
large steel tanks up in the buildings by wind power. 
The following is the report of the visiting com- 
mittee for the year ending August 23, 1893: 


There are at this date in the Home 36 inmates. 
Males 23, females 13, Received since last report 31; 
indentured 10; returned to parents 8; transferred 2. 
We take pleasure in noting the condition of this in- 
stitution. The buildings are large, nicely and 
healthfully arranged, and most beautifully located. 
Economy, neatness, discipline and order characterize 
its management by its present very efficient superin- 

Great care is being taken in preparing good homes 
for the children. We are satisfied there are other 
children in our county who ought to receive the ben- 
efit to be derived from so efficient a home as this is, 
and are led to believe the fault lies at the door of the 
township trustees. 

We find at the Home a good daily school under the 
superv'.sion of a competent teacher, and confidently 
believe that many will go out from this institution 
both intellectually and morally, fully able to cope 
with the many who have been more highly favored. 
The institution as conducted is certainly a very great 
blessing to these poor unfortunates who come within 
its influence. Respectfully submitted, 

William Croskey, 
Judith Johnson, 
Margaret McCready, 
D. B. Welch, 


24 A Brief History 

Superintendent, Capt. Andrew Smith. Trustees 
of the Home, Hon. James B. Jamison. L. M. Bran- 
son, M. B. Fierbauofh and Edward Clifford. 


Our forefathers were not forgfetful of their higher 
christian duties. In r.iany instances with the smoke 
that curled in currents from the chimneys of their 
log" cabins ascended the incense of prayer. The rude 
primeval hut, instead of beino- the abode of the little 
famil}' cluster alone, became a temple of worship. 
Our first churches — Dr. Crawford in his historical 
address, says that the Rankin Methodist church was 
oro-anized in David Rankin's log- cabin 1814. It is 
said the first prayer meetino- held in this county was 
at Buskirk's log cabin and from it arose the Dicker- 
son Methodist church. The first sermon ever preach- 
ed in Cadiz was b}* the Rev. John Rea, Presbyterian 
minister 1804, at the base of a larg"e walnut tree 
that stood south of the court house site. 

We have in Harrison county according* to the cen- 
sus report of Samuel G. Peppard for the year ending- 
ISW, twelve distinct religious denominations. 

The number of Sabbath School scholars, commu- 
nicants enrolled, also \^luation and seating" capacity 
are as follows: 

Of Harrison County, Ohio. 25 


Friends 3 95 333 % 3,800 815 

A. M. E. Church..2 42 160 3,000 500 

United Brethren5 300 442 7,720 1,700 

Presbyterian 13 1178 1747 55,500 4,950 

Uniteci Pres (i 369 507 . 28,300 2,200 

Adventists 1 14 5(10 120 

Meth. Protesta't.l 60 300 400 

German Reform.l 132 62 1,500 400 

Meth.Episcopal34 3.S32 3:»5 89,600 10,850 

Lutheran 2 150 181 4,000 S50 

Baptist: 3 209 100 2,2.50 500 

Disciples.... 4 213 244 3,750 1,250 . _ 

Union S.S.'s. 13 550 

Thus it will be seen we have in the county 90 
places of public worship; number of Sunday school 
scholars 6,570 and 7, 133 church members. The total 
value of church property is $200,820, with a seating 
capacity for 24,235 persons, enough to seat every 
man, woman and child in the county. Value of par- 
sonages $21,000. 


We trust we will not be considered as dealing in 
extravagant assertions when we say that the cause 
of education in Harrison county is perhaps as far 
advanced as any other county in the State, and that 
in its progress and development, it can challenge com- 
parison with the foremost in Ohio. The first set- 
tlers did not neglect or overlook its vital claims, and 
the subscription schooV was early encouraged and put 
to practical working, andianswered a noble and sub- 
lime purpose in those dim by-gone days. 

There are at present 9 special school districts, 97 
sub-districts. In each of these districts we have 
good school houses and the best of teachers. We 
have from six to nine months of school each year. 
It costs about $70, 000 a year to run out schools. 

26 A Brief History 


Scio Colleg-e was chartered in 1866. It has had 
about 600 graduates. It belongs to the Methodist 
Kpiscopal Church. 

The College comprises seven district departments, 
each complete within itself: Collegiate, Pharmacy, 
Music, Business, Elocution, Art, Shorthand and 

The Literary course comprises a three years' pre- 
paratory and a four years' collegiate course, making 
seven years in all, and ranks in this respect with the 
very best schools in the State. The Music course 
comprises four years' work; the Pharmacy, two 
terms of six months each. 

The total enrollment of different students last year 
was 548, from ten different States and countries. 

The Faculty is at present composed of fifteen 
teachers. In the point of numbers the College ranks 
about sixth among the Colleges and Universities of 
this State; in comprehensiveness and thoroughness, 
we are among the first. Two large buildings are 
devoted to school work, using over 30,000 feet of floor 


This College is located in the village of New 
Athens, was chartered January 22, 1825, and formal- 
ly opened June 8, 1825, with Rev. William McMil- 
lan, of Canonsburg, Pa., as President, and John 
Armstrong, of Pittsburgh, Pa., as Professor of 

Since its opening this institution has sent out over 
five hundred graduates; ninety per cent, of whom 
have entered some of the learned professions and 
sixty per cent, of whom have entered the ministry. 

In 1840, owing to the decided anti-slavery charac- 

28 A Brief History ■'% 

ter of the College a pro-slavery rival was establish- 
ed in the same villag-e under the name of Providence 
CoUeg-e, but this was soon abandoned for want of 
sufficient patronag-e, and the orig-inal College has 
been allowed to run an uninterrupted course down to 
the present time, when we still find it in a most 
flourishing- condition. 


The College at Hopedale, first known as "The; 
McNeely Normal School" and later, after assuming, 
the powei to grant degrees, as "Hopedale Nornial 
College" nas been a power in the land. Its proprie- 
tor, Cyrus McNeely, aspired, in its establishment, 
not so much to educate at the top as to educate well 
at the bottom. 

Hopedale was the first college in Eastern Ohio 


which opened its doors for the co-education of ite 


'Old Franklin" had for many years bee}i-,if;akirig 
professional men: it was left to Hopedale to n'iake 

Of Harrison County, Ohio. 29 

teachers for the common schools and lit men for the 
duties of non-professional life. 

Its first start was as a school with three depart- 
ments, the hig-hest under the manag-ement of Dr. 
York, a practicing- physician of the villag^e and a 
g-raduate of "Franklin." Then followed at the 
helm Kdwin Reg-al, John Og-den, Wm. Brinkerhoif 
and Dr. Jamieson. . 

In all the leading" cities of the country are men 
who owe their success to training" at Hopedale. Prof. 
Brinkerhoff was the pioneer stenog^rapher of this re- 
g-iou, and his students were enabled by his instruc- 
tion, to make this a stepping" stone to higher achieve- 

. Over 7000 students have been enrolled upon the 
Collegfe books, and the work which its originator has 
accomplished can never be fully known "until the 
leaves of the judgment book unfold." 


Washington City, April 13, ISbL 
Messrs. Hatton & Rowles, 

Editors Cadiz Republican: Fort Sumpter 
has been battered down by the traitor hoards of the 
South. It is the first battle upon this continent and 
of this century waged in defense of chattel slavery, 
the worst despotism which ever cursed the earth or 
disgraced and outraged humanity. I repeat now what I 

30 A Brief History 

said in my place as your Representative last January, 
—the question of to-day is not whether the constitu- 
tion of our country shall be amended, but whether 
the constitution shall be maintained. Upon the solu- 
tion of this question depends the fate of the Repub- 
lic. President Lincoln thus far " clear in his gfreat 
office," will, I trust, soon summon the loyal citizens 
of every section to come to the rescue of a violated 
constitution, let them come as the winds come, when 
forests are rending-; let them come as the waves come, 
when the navies are stranding-. May God defend the 
rigfht. Truly yours, 

John A. Bingham. 

A rousing" war meeting- was held in the court house 
on the eveningf of April 20, 1861, to raise a com pan}' 
of volunteers in response to a call of President Lin- 
coln for 75,000 men to suppress the Rebellion. The 
war feeling- was up to fever heat, and the enthusiasm 
intense. The court house was filled to overflowingf 
and many were unable to get seats. Hon. John A. 
Bing-ham addressed the meeting- for about an hour in 
a strain of melting- eloquence which stirred the aud- 
ience as a tornado stirs the forest. The old cannon 
which had long- been g-iven over to rust was drawn 
from the hiding- place and awoke the surrounding- 
hills with its thundering- tones. The soul stirring- 
fife and rattling- drum aroused the enthusiasm of 
young- America. Flag-s were floating- all over town. 
A fund of several thousand dollars was raised to 
support the families of those who enlisted in their 
country *s service. 

The excitement kept up at fever heat, every thing- 
was War, War, WAR! Meeting-s were held all 
over the county, and in less than a week more than 
one hundred volunteered. Cadiz on Monday morn- 
ing, April 22d, presented quite a military appear- 

Of Harrison County^ Ohio. 31 

ance. The volunteer company was being- drilled by 
General Warfel. Crowds were upon the streets and 
upon the corners, g^athering- in squads talking- war, 
I g-ive below the names of the first company from 
Harrison county: 

John Castill, captain; John Conwell, first lieuten- 
ant; Miles J. Saunders, second lieutenant; John C. 
Bayless, Benjamin Turner, John C. Burns, Harris 
Hatton, Kdward W. Kit'tering-, William Randall, 
Thomas C. Rea, Thomas C. Mcllravy, Zenos Poul- 
son, Kdward B, Young-, William P. Rea, James M. 
Crawford, John Castill, James A. Laizure, William 
H. Matlock, David Lowmiller, William Scott, E^dward 
Harner, James Tipton, John Bryan, William H. 
Bryan, Melvin H. Hearn, Thomas Giles, Franklin 
K. Mealy, John Clifford, John K. Hatton, Charley 

A. Leslie, R. Hamilton Kildow, Samuel McMillen, 
John Anderson, Benjamin Cooper, William Mclntire, 
Vincent S. Bog-g"s, Charles Rawlson, James Saylor, 
William Morg-an, David Murdock, William H. 
Wheeler, Joseph Ferrell, John J. Jones, William R. 
Pug-h, Georg-e W. Bricker, John Kimmel, Hug-h R. 
McGowan, Eli Shields, Isaac Harris, John C. Mc- 
Rea, William P, Shisler, David D. Hoover, Harvey 

B. Rig-ht, John T. Boals, Isaac W. Lig^gett, Thomas 
Moody, Joseph G. Moody, William Crog-un, Samuel 

C. Miller, William T. Ramsey, James H. Stewart, 
George C. Finney, James Crumley, John 
Martin, James Rittenhouse, John Watters, 
Jasper Denning-, Benjamin T. Anderson, John Handy, 
Robert Peacock, Samuel B. Adkins, William V. B. 
Croskey, Alexander Miller, Emanuel Howard, Rob- 
ert Moore, Salmon Murphy, John A. Tier, John 
McConkey, Henry J. McFadden, William J. Hollo- 
way, John Locke, John G. Kennedy, William H. H. 
Mills, Jonathan R. Laizure, Festus Jones, John M. 

e C 

tIt-VMvLI.N ( (JLLi;(.l . NKW ATHKA'S, <». 

Of Harriso)i Coi(ul\\ Ohio. ^^ 

Thonip.son, John B. Martin, James D. Smith, Wil- 
liam Baldwin, William A. Nicolas, Georg-e Wellino-, 
James Mahollin, William Jones, Samuel Mull, Levi 
Peddycourt, Nathan H. Baker, James W. Watson, 
Daniel Hollowav, D. N. Fowler, Nelson Driggs, 
Joshua Lowdon,"^John W. Butterfield, David Hilligas, 
Sanford Timmons. 

This companj^ left for Columbus on Saturday, 
Aprd 27, 1861. Their departure was witnessed by 
two or three thousand persons, every one of whom 
seemed to be impressed with the solemnity of the 
occasion. Amidst the cheers of the crowd the boys 
embarked for the war. 

Tears coursed down manly cheeks, and among the 
women there was scarceh' a dry eye. A copy of the 
New Testament was presented to each of the volun- 
teers at the close of a very solemn and impressive 
pra3'er meeting held for their benefit at the court 
house on the Saturday evening previous to their de- 
parture for Camp Jackson, Columbus. Each man 
was also presented with a beautiful pin-cushion and 
needle-case composed of the red, white and blue. 
We regret that we cannot go into detail as to other 
companies from this count}-. Harrison county did 
her full share from the beg-mning to the end of the 

We were represented in the 13th Regiment O. V. 
I. 105; 30th Regiment O. V. I. 123; 43d Regiment O. 
V. I. 182; 74th Regiment O. V. I. 154; 5th O. V. L 
25; 12th Cavalrv 50; 98th Regiment O. V. I. 294; 
126th Regiment O. V. I. 371; 69th Regiment O. V. I. 
140; 170th Regiment O. V. I. 420; 180th Regiment 
O. V. I. 30; 11th Cavalry 30. Total 1924. Some in 
other Regiments 80th, Dlst, and W. Va. Cavalry; 
enoug-h in other regiments to make two thousand 
soldiers from Harrison countv. 

34 A Brief Historv 



*'Amont»- the many contemporaneous institutions of 
iinancial and fiduciary character in this county, the 
Harrison National Bank, of Cadiz, maintains a posi- 
tion of undoubted consideration." 

It is the legfitimate descendant from the Harriscjn 
branch of the State Bank of Ohio, which was found- 
ed in 1841. It w^as re-org-anized as a National Bank 
in accordance wnth the requirements of the National 
Banking" system in 1865, and re-chartered in 1885, 
Its capital stock at the present time S1(><),(I0(>, sur- 
plus fund $110,000. 

The officers of this bank are well-known profes- 
sional business men and capitalists, consisting- of 
David Cunning-ham, President, J. M. Sharon, Cash- 
ier, A. P. Sheriff, Teller, Miss Emma Wortman and 
Ralph Cunningfham book-keepers. The directors are 
James Porter, D. Cunning-ham, L. M. Branson, 
H. S. Barricklow% John C. Jamison, Dr. J. S. Mc- 
Bean, James Bullock and J. M. Sharon. 


The First National Bank, of Cadiz, is a reliable 
and efficiently manag-ed institution. It was reorg-an- 
ized under the National Banking- Laws in 1803 as 
No. 100 with a capital stock of S120,000. 

The officers of this bank are D. B. Welch, Presi- 
dent, Walter Craig-, Vice-President, I. C. ^loore. 


36 A Brief Nisiury 

Cashier, W. S. Cessna, Assistant Cashier,- Walter 
Potts, Book-keeper. The board of directors are 
D. B. Welch, Walter Craig-, William Fox, William 
Henderson, L. A. Welch, R. W. Barricklow, Samuel 
Knox, W. B. Beebe Jr. 


The Farmers and Mechanics National Bank, of 
Cadiz, is a solid and reliable institution. Was duly 
org-anized May 11th, 1874, and incorporated as a Na 
tional Bank in January, 1878, with a capital stock of 
550,000. Surplus of S27,500. The officers of the 
.bank are Melford J. Brown, President, C. O. F. 
Brown, cashier. Miss Alice Carnahan, Book-keeper. 
The board of directors consists of Wm. L. Houser, 
John N. Haverfield, C. O. F. Brown, John M. Gar- 
vin, C. A. Skinner, C. M. Hog-g and Melford Brown. 


The Fourth National Bank, of Cadiz, the young*- 
est of our financial institutions, commenced business 
March 28th, 1893, with a capital stock paid up of 
$120,000. Its stock-holders number 250 persons, 
living" in Harrison and adjoining- counties. Its Pres- 
ident is Samuel Thompson, John E. McPeck, Vice- 
President, J. M. Schreiber, Cashier, C. F. Stewart, 
Teller. Board of directors, J. S. Black, David Alli- 
son, John F. Kyser, Henry Barricklow, J. W. Clen- 
denning-. Dr. W. T. Sharp, J. C. Dysart, T. E. 
Johnson, Joseph Starr, M. N. Giffin, Milton Ta.g-- 
g-art, John F. McPeck, Samuel Thompson and Dr. 
S. B. McGavran. 

The Bank of Freeport was established by Thos. 
Green in 1893 as a private bank. In 1894 a co-part- 
nership was formed consisting- of Thomas Green, 
John M. Garvin and J. M. Schreiber. The bank 
enjoys the confidence of the people. 

Of Harrison County, Ohio. 37 


The Bank of Scio was org-anized in Jul}^ 1883, by 
B. S. Hogue and William Donaldson. This bank is 
well-nianag"ed, and has contributed in no small de- 
gree to the business interests of Scio and vicinity. 


The making of roads has been from early times, 
one of the most important subjects that has occupied 
the attention of the commissioners and tax payers. 
Many petitions were presented to the county commis- 
sioners during the year 1813, asking for new roads, 
all of which seem to have been granted. Thence- 
forth for many years they were kept busy providing 
for new roads and making changes in old ones. 
Road-making in a hilly region is laborious and ex- 
pensive, and while we have at this time roads in every 
direction, it is still an open question how to make 
better ones. We have a pike from Cadiz to New 
Athens, Cadiz to Harrisville, Cadiz to Unionvale, 
and all the roads leading from Cadiz have from one- 
half to two miles of pike. 


Harrison county has three railroads passing 
through it: The P. C. C. & St. L. R. R. and sid- 
ing 34.98 miles. The P. C. C. & St. L. R. R. sec- 
ond track 23.42 miles. The P. C. C. & St. L. R. 
R., Cadiz branch 7.85 miles. C. L. & W. R. R. and 
siding 17.64 miles. W. & L. E. R. R. and siding, 
27.81 miles. Total number of miles 111.70. Total 
valuation $1,324,140. 

38 A Brief History 


The first newspaper published in Harrison county 
was in 1816, called the Cadiz Informant, afterward 
called the Harrison Tcleg-rapJi, and the name Cadiz 
Repnhlica)i g-iven to it in 1840 by Wm. R. Allison. 
The Cadiz Republican, W. B. Hearn, editor and 
proprietor, therefore lays claim to being- the oldest 
newspaper in the county. Tiic Cadiz Sentinel, W. 
H. Arnold, editor, is the next oldest paper in the 
county, having- been established in 1832. 

Other papers in the county are Tlie Harrison 
Tribune, A. B. I^acey editor and proprietor, Cadiz, 
Ohio. Harrison Cou)ity Democrat, A. N. McCombs 
editor, and published by the Harrison County Demo- 
crat Publishing- Company. The Freeport Press, 
McMath & Williams, proprietors, L. B. Williams, 
editor. Tlie Scio Herald, Scio, edited and owned bv 
R. M. Dewey. Jezvett Ag-e, Jewett, O. A. Hare, 
owner. Nezj Atliois Reviezc, published b}' T. B. 
Williams, at New Athens. 


On June 5, 1834, the county commissioners under 
provision of law, directed a call to be published in 
T/ie Cadiz Se/di/ul, looking- to the formation of an 
Agricultural Society, but nothing- effective was done 
under that call, or in any other way until 1846. The 
matter was then taken up by some of the progress- 
ive farmers, chiefly in the eastern part cf the county. 

Of Harrison Coiinly, Ohio. 39 

The lirst fair was held In Georgetown in 184-(). After 
that in Cadiz. For the next six years the stock was 
shown on the streets or in Dewey's field, now Lincoln 
Avenue, or in Walter Jamison's field, or some other 
convenient place. Ag^ricultural implements, farm 
products and domestic g"oods, were shown in the 
court house or some of the churches. A plowing" 
match was held each year. 

It was not until 1853 that the Society had a per- 
manent location; they then secured Sharp's g-rove, 
near town, (now Porter's) and four or five acres were 
enclosed with a strong, substantial fence, and suita- 
ble buildings were erected. The fair was held Oct. 
10 and 11, 1853. It was the largest and best attend- 
ed of any that had taken place. The crowd was 
tstimated at 10,000, There was a large entry of 
shei'p and horses. The floral hall was verv attract- 
ive, the ladies taking- great interest in it. One of 
the most attractive and exciting- features of the fair 
was a contest of horse-back riding by ladies. Com- 
petitors f'^r the premium were: Miss Norton, of St. 
Clairsville, Mrs. Obediah Slemmons, Miss Amanda 
Sin-eral, MissGilmore, Miss Shotwell, MissTaggart, 
of Cadiz, and Miss Caroline Kennedy, of Green town- 
ship. All were expert riders and evinced a graceful 
st3de of riding and much skill in management of their 
horses. During the race Miss Simeral was thrown 
from her horse and badly hurt. Miss Kennedy won 
the first premium. 

The fair continued on these g-rounds until 1880. 
The fair in Harrison county was alwa3^s considered 
one of the best in the State. It was a g-reat benefit 
to the farmers. It marks an era in the history of 
our ag-ricultural advancement. It broug-ht together 
the farmers, who, having a common interest, 
studied together by comparison the different kinds 


1 \' 


r - f 


— f 


' ■-• f, 

Of Harriso)i County, Ohio. 4-1 

of stock and farm implements. The fair was moved 
to the o-rounds of Walter Craig- in 1889. These 
grounds are beautiful. They contain 40 acres taste- 
fully studded with young- shade trees and enclosed 
by a tig-hf fence. The building's in the enclosure 
are permanent and capacious, and the track, for a 
"half mile g-o" is the best in the State. The follow- 
ing- persons have been presidents of the Harrison 
county fair: Ezra Cattell, John Hammond, Eli 
Peacock, John C. Jamison, Henry Boyles, James B. 
Jamison, Samuel Herron, Andrew Jamison, Samuel 
Bog-g-s, Obediah Slemmons, Albert Quig-ley, W. W. 
Jamison, Andrew Smith, C. M. Hogg-, Samuel Dick- 

Other fairs in the county are Connotton Valley 
Tri-County Ag-ricultural and Mechanical Associa- 
tion, located at Jewett. and the Smyrna fair located 
at Smvrna. 

The following^ letter is one written by General 
Walter B. Beebe, the first lawyer of Harrison count}': 

Cadiz, County of Harrison, State of Ohio, ) 

February 14, 1813. f 
Honored Parents: 

I take this opportunity to inform you that I am 
%vell and in g'ood spirits. Since I left home I have 
become tolerably well acquainted with the science of 
IravcIiufT, \ started from St. Clairsville, (the place 
from which I wrote you,) on or about the 1st of De- 
cember, and took a cojivenient route throug-h the 
middle section of this State, a route of about 500 
miles. The more I g'et acquainted with this part of 
the country' the better I like it. It is certainly the 
best land I ever beheld. Judge Rug-gdes went with 
me to Chillicothe, the seat of p-overnment, at which 

42 A Brief History 

place the Lejjfislature was then sitting-. I ^ot ac- 
quainted with Governor Meig"s and many of the 
members, who all appear to be very friendl}^ to young* 
men emig-rating* to this part of the country. Gov- 
ernor Meig-s is a 3^ankee from Middletown, Connecti- 
cut. At Chillicothe I was examined by the Judg^es 
of the Supreme Court of this State, and admitted to 
practice as an attorney and counsellor at law in the 
several courts of record in this State. I found a 
g"ood many counties in my route which I thoug"ht 
would be g-ood places for an attorney, but was induc- 
ed to settle in this, the county seat of Harrison coun- 
ty, from the following- considerations, to-wit: Not- 
withstanding- this county was set off and org-anized 
when I was in ChiHicothe, yet it is an old settlement 
and the settlers are g-enerally rich. The inhabitants 
of this county and counties adjoining- have but few 
yankee settlers, but settled by Virgfinians, Pennsyl- 
vanians, Germans, Scotch, and Irish, who are more 
litigfious and quarrelsome than the yankees are, and 
pay their money more freely. There is no lawyer in 
this county, and I have the assurance of being- ap- 
pointed State's Attorney, which will be worth eig-hty 
a year, and will be attended with but little trouble 
and very little inconvenience to other business, being- 
(mly barred in criminal prosecution from appearing- 
ag-ainst the State of Ohio. 

This county is so situated that there are hve other 
counties within one day's ride of it, and it is the 
practice in this State for lawyer's to practice in ad- 
joining- counties. It is the ' healthiest part of the 
State, and the water isg-ood. These, tog^ether with 
other considerations, have induced me, after having- 
been a bird of voyag-e for three months, to pitch on 
this place for my permanent home. This town is 
about 20 miles from the Ohio River, about 70 miles 

Of Harrison County, Ohio. 43 

from Pittsbur^-h, and 16 miles west of St. Clairs- 
vllle. It is the shire town of the county, and will 
soon be a populous town. I think my prospects are 
as g'ood as a young' man can reasonably expect, and 
I have no fear if I have my health. 

I am in a land abounding- in very many of the g^ood 
thing's of this life. I have seen g-ood pot turkeys 
weig'hing' 20 pounds, sell for 25 cents, hens and 
chickens b cents. Money is very plenty in this State 
probably more plentiful than usual, owing- to its be- 
ing' near the N. W. Army. 

I remain your dutiful son, 

Walter B. Beebe. 
T(» Capt. Stewart Beebe, 

Wilbraham. Hamden Co., Mass, 



Martin Wilson, John McBean, A. G. Osburn, 
John Pearce, Georg'e Lucy, Thomas Rowles, William 
Mills, Thomas Findlev, Dr. Harmon, Moses Kenne- 
dy, S. Thompson, Wm. Vanhorn, E. H. McCoy, 
G. W. Duffield, James Bethel, Robert Gamble, Jesse 
Hall, Horace Belknap, F. C. Robinson, J. H. Stev- 
enson, Wm. G, Smith, T. C. Conn, R. Patton, Jas. 
Patton, Samuel Black, James P. Barnes, A. T. 
McClure, I. (t. Parrv, E. Conawav, Thos. Crumley. 

44 A Brief Hislory 


Cudi/i ~J. D. Wortman, W. T. Sharp, John S. 
McBean, J. S. Campbell, W. H. Lemmon, Mrs. M. 
J. Lvons, Miss Mary Ivemmon, S. B, McGavran. 

Harrisville— A. B.Wilkin, G. H. Colville, J. Comly. 

Hopedale — J. D. West, L. A. Crawford. 

New Jefferson — Walter Spence. 

Jewett — W. L. Kngdand, A. C. Grove. 

Scio— J. D. Snyder. G. W. Lvle, T. H.Crook, 
G. W. Custer. 

Bowerston — ^S. B. McCTuire. 

Franklin — W. A. Welch, James Stone. 

Tippecanoe — B. G. Anderson. 

Free port— J. G. Howell, W. A. Zellers. 

Piedmont — W. D. Copeland, D. (t. Ouinn. 

Warfel^ — John Morg-an. 

Deersville — John Wallace, Frank James. 

Hanover — A. C. Nixon. 

Moorefield- J. H. Wherry, E. D. Moore. 

New Athens — Charles Cobb, Albert Dxkerson, 
James A. McGrew. 


Harrison county is divided into 15 townships — 
Shortcreek, Green, Archer, Cadiz, Nottingham, 
North, Monroe, Franklin, Washing-ton, Freeport, 
Moorefield, Athens, Stock, German and Rumley. 

Principal towns' and villages are New Athens, 
Bowerston, Cadiz, Connotton, Deersville, Freeport. 
Franklin, Georg-etow^n, Hanover, Harrisville, Hope- 
dale, Moorefield, New Rumley, New Jefferson, Scio, 
Sm\'rna and Tippecanoe. 

Irregular successi()ns of high hills and deep ravines 

Of Harrison CoiDity, Ohio. 45 

occupy the surface but not roug"h and rocky to such 
an extent as to interfere with the ag-ricultural inter- 
ests of the county. The soil is mostly lime-stone, 
and is very productive. Coal and lime-stone abound 
in almost inexhaustible quantities. Oil and gas are 
found in small quantities at a depth of fourteen hun- 
dred feet (1400j in Green and Cadiz Townships. 
The land is mostly in a state of cultivation; but a 
small per cent, of timber remains. The population 
of the county in 1890 was 20,830. Present area in 
acres 256,512. The amount of taxes collected in 
Harrison county in 1814 was $570.76. The amoimt 
collected in 1893 was 3178,056.39. The value of 
farm lands, villagfes and real estate and chattels in 
1890 was 513,449,840. 

Harrison county is an agricultural county. Our 
style of farming- will compare favorably with other 
counties. Our farmers have adopted all the late im- 
provements in farming implements. Nearly all our 
work is done by machiner3\ We raise in this county 
about all the leading- kinds of fruit; veg-etables of all 
kinds can be successfully raised, but the leading- one 
is the potato, of these we have a number of varie- 
ties. Almost all kinds of g-rain can be raised, 
especiall}^ wheat and corn. Harrison county is also 
a g-ood stock raising county. Our sheep are soug-ht 
after in other counties and states, and our wools are 
in demand by eastern manufacturers. In fact more 
attention is devoted to the raising of sheep than any 
other stock. In 1884 the production of wool was 1,- 
007,000 ft)s. 

A great many g'ood horses of different kinds, 
are raised in this county, from the line saddle or 
driving horse, to the heavy draft horse 

This county is also good as a cattle growing- 
county. We have several herds of thorough-bred 

Of Harriso)i Comity^ Ohio. 47 

Shorthorns, Jerseys and Holsteins. Some ^ood ho;^''s 
are raised, the varieties being- Berkshires, Chester 
Whites and Poland Chinas. 

The farms of Harrison county are g-enerally in a 
^ood state of cultivation and well improved. Farms 
sell from §50 to $125 per acre according to qualit}^ 
improvements and location. There is no better 
county in Ohio than old Harrison, energetic toil and 
enterprise characterize her citizens. Her sons and 
daughters are to be found in almost every State and 
engaged in all manner of honorable avocations, and 
wherever they are they do their duty cheerfully 
and bravely, and retain in their hearts a lingering 
affection for the hills and valleys among which they 
were nurtured. 


E. M. Stanton whose wonderful executive capacitv 
as head of the War Department has given him re- 
nown throughout all the world, was at one time an 
active member of the Cadiz bar and the third Pros- 
ecuting Attorney of Harrison countv. 

Cadiz Branch of the P. C. C. & St. I>. R. R. was 
opened to Cadiz on the 11th of June, 1854. 

Messrs. Biggs and Beatty laid out the town of 
Cadiz in 1804. 

New Rumley was laid out August 15, 1814; Free- 
port in 1814; New Athens in 1817; Deersville in 1815; 
Harrisville in 1817. 

Magdalena Grundy is said to be the first white 
woman to cross the Connotton creek west, and loca- 

Of Harrison Coioity, Ohio. 4*) 

ted with her husband on the farm well-known as the 
John M. Holmes' farm near the villag-e of Connotton, 

Dr. T. R. Crawford was pastor of the Nottingf- 
ham Presbyterian church for 40 years. 

April 2*)", 186b, the Harrison ' National Bank, of 
Cadiz, was robbed of about $260,000. Within a few 
days the burgflars were captured, and most of the 
money found in their possession. 

William Duvall has been a faithful and oblitfing- 
conductor on the Cadiz Branch for 27 years. 

Dr. William Custer, of Scio, Dr. William Beadle, 
of Green township. Dr. John McBean, of Cadiz, and 
Dr. R. H. Simmons, of Deersville, were reg-arded in 
their day as the leading physicians of the county. 

John A. Bingham was elected in 1854 as a Repre- 
sentative to the XXXIV Congfress from the Twenty- 
first Ohio District, and was a member of every Con- 
g-ress from the Twentv-first and Sixteenth Ohio dis- 
tricts except the XXXVIII, until March 4, 1873. 
In May, 1873, Mr. Bing-ham was appointed by Pres- 
ident Grant Knvoy Extraordinary and Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Japan, which position he held for 
twelve years. 

Without detracting- from the deserts of others, it 
mig-ht be said that H. S. McFadden in his day, did 
more extensive gfeneral trade than any other man in 
the history of Harrison county. 

Matthew Simi3son D. D., L. L. D., was born in 
Cadiz, June 20, 1811, and died in Philadelphia, Pa., 
June 18, 1884. He was one of the most eminent 
preachers in the Methodist Episcopal Church. He 
was elected a bishop in 1852. 

Gen. George A. Custer, the famed cavalry leader 
of the War of the Rebellion, was born in New Rum- 
ley, Dec. 5, 183^. 

Stewart Price was the first merchant, the first 

30 A Brie/ History 

postmaster, and the first railroad ag-ent at the town of 

Capt. H. B. Heller, of Monroe township, during" 
his life took an active interest in the advancement and 
improvement of Harrison county, and his public 
spirit manifested itself in many ways. 

Mrs. Nancy Dewey, widow of Hon. Chauncey 
Dewey, was born near Uniontown, Pa.. October 27, 
1804. In 1807 her parents located on a wild piece of 
land near Cadiz, which at that time contained but 
few houses and around which the wolves, panthers, 
and other wild animals of the earl}' days were still 
plentiful. The Indians were also numerous, and would 
come in parties to trade w^th the white pioneers, 
bring-ino- with them many beautifully worked articles 
such as moccasins ornamented with colored beads and 
porcupine quills, and belts made of snakes skins, all 
painted and woven tog-ether and profusely decorated 
with beads. The squaws would have their pappooses 
strapped on boards and carried on their backs, and 
when tired would stand pappoose, board and all 
ag-ainst some convenient tree. The Indians used to 
bring- baskets in for trade in largfe quantities, tied 
about their bodies in such numbers that it was diffi- 
cult to decide whether Indian or baskets walked. 
Mrs. Dewey has a vivid recollection of the pioneer 
days. She still resides in Cadiz and is a noble woman. 

Julius Schreiber, w^as pre-eminently one of the 
pioneers and promoters of the business interests of 
Harrison county, althoug-h not, strictly speaking-, one 
of the early settlers. 

John N. Haverfield was born in Cadiz township, 
May 17, 1820, and died at his residence in Stock 
township, April 10, 18')4. Mr. Haverfield was a 
leading- farmer and one of the best men in Harrison 

Of Harrison Coio/iy, Ohio. 51 

June (>. 1823, the commissioners of the county fixed 
a rate for wolf scalps in addition to that allowed by 
the State. For all wolf scalps above the agfe of six 
months $1.50; on all scalps^ under six months 75 cents. 

The first couple married in Harrison county were 
Lakin Wells and Cynthia Maffett. on February 4, 
1813. the ceremony being- performed by Andrew^ 
McNeely, Justice of the Peace. 

Wm. H. Lucas has been a teacher in the Cadiz 
Schools for twenty-one years. 

We omitted to mention the name of H. S. Black, 
of Freeport, in our list of physicians of 1894. 

The following" were the first directors in the First 
Na'tional Bank: John Hammond, John Green, 
Isaac Thomas. Marshall McCall, Robert Pittis, 
John Carnahan, Samuel Slemmons, Samuel Georg"e, 
Joseph S. Thomas. 

The Associate Reformed Church, mention of 
which is made in our article on Courts, as the build- 
ing- in which the first courts of Harrison county were 
held, was a log- building, erected on g-rounds purchas- 
ed from Zachariah Bigg-s, situated on the corner of 
South and Ohio streets. The log- building- was torn 
down and a substantial brick building- erected in the 
year 1828. 

The oldest male resident of Cadiz is Mr. Benjamin 
Timmons, who has resided on the g-round upon which 
he now lives for 81 years. Mrs. Ag-nes Mealv 
is the oldest woman now living" in Cadiz, having- 
passed her ninetieth milestone in life's journey on 
October 17, 1893. May they, with all our old people, 
live manv more vears amonp- us. 

The grand and g-reat-g-rand-children of the con- 
tractor of the court house built in 1815, are living in 

Mrs. Christina Kimmel. wh(» resides one-half mile 

52 A Brief History 

north of Jevvett, reached her lOOth birthday on 
March 7, 18*)4, the oldest woman in the count}'. Mrs. 
Kimmel had been living 21 years before the court 
house recently torn down was erected. 


On a bright and beautiful day in Jul}-, 18()3, the 
peace and quiet of our little village was disturbed by 
the anticipated invasion of Rebel forces numbering" 
five or six hundred mounted cavalry, under command 
of the noted Rebel (leneral John Morg-an. The air 
was full of rumors of the gfreat destruction of prop- 
erty along- the line of march, and the alarm for the 
safety of family and property became intense. This 
feeling" of insecurit}' was somewhat increased when 
M. J. Brown and John Robinson, of Cadiz, driving" 
a spirited team, rushed through here to discover if 
possible the line of march the Rebels were likely to 
talie. In about an hour, or perhaps less, they re- 
turned, furiously driving" Jehu like, announcing" that 
the Rebels were coming" this way, and would be with 
us in a short time. 

Very soon thereafter we discovered the bridg"e over 
Big" Stillwater on lire, and a few minutes later, an- 
other smoke, looming" up about one-half mile east, 
indicated that the other covered bridge over Little 
Stillwater (or Bog"gs' Fork) was also being" consumed. 

About this time many laugfhable incidents occurred 
that did not seem so funnv at the time; men hidinif 

Of Harris())i Co/oi/y, Ohio. 33 

their valuables in the most unthou^ht of places, se- 
cretiiiuf their horses in thickets and deep hollows; 
women and children running hither and thither with 
their trinkets trying to find some ver}^ secure place to 
hide them, being so excited as to forget where they 
placed them, and had to be reminded by their neigh- 
bors who chanced to observe where they put them, 
where to look for them. A few would-be Generals 
on horseback, were riding our village street, giving 
spicy directions as to what others should do, or 
where to go. A thing they soon found out when the 
advance guard of Morgan's force came galloping 
into town, putting them to flight, and quite an excit- 
ing race occurred through our street accompanied 
with the Rebel yell, "Halt, Halt!" Some were im- 
mediately captured and their horses taken; others 
didn't have time to obey orders, and got awa}', doing 
some exceedingly fast riding to accomplish the feat. 
Very soon after this race the main force entered our 
town and took complete possession of the streets, 
stables, and every house that had been vacated by 
the occupants, not disturbing or forcibly entering 
any house where families remained at home. They 
seemed to be a hungry set, and freely solicited every 
house for provisions of ev^ery description; some of 
them exhibiting abnormal appetites for pound cake 
and preserves. After cleaning up all the previously 
prepared provisions in the town they quietly sought 
rest and sleep, seemingly as unconcerned as though 
the Union forces in pursuit were a hundred miles 
back instead of three or four. Morgan himself oc- 
cupied the parlor bed at the Mills' Hotel, and seemed 
to be taking a refreshing sleep, while his body guard, 
with their revolvers lying upon chairs at their sides, 
or on the bed where Morgan was sleeping, 
occupied the time in reading the news, with which 

54 A Brief f/is/ory 

they seemed to be well provided. When Mort»-an 
arose from the bed he walked to the front door, 
stepped out upon the pavement, cast his eye down the 
street, then turned and walked leisurely up street 
unattended; later the order was g-iven to mount, and 
their march eastward continued, takinjj- the road to 
New Athens, accompanied by escorts drafted into 
service as truides across the country." The Union 
forces under command of Shackelford, having* been 
delayed by reason of the destroyed bridg"es, did not 
g-et into town in full force until after nigfht, 
when hung-rv soldiers had ag'ain to be fed, and rigfht 
noblv did our women work cooking" and serving" food 
until after midnig"ht. A g"reater number of the 
Union forces pushed on after Morg"an, but a portion 
remained over nigfht, probably as a reminder to us 
that the war was still gfoing" on. Stragfgflers contin- 
ued coming" into town the following" day, but by even- 
ing" quiet agfain reigfned supreme, and the war was 
over, so far as our town's actual experience was con- 

1813 18<>+. 

"We leap the chasm of 81 years. Span the dis- 
tance between the historic then and the eventful 
now. We reg"ard Pioneer days in Harrison county, 
as a thing" of the past. The wilderness has been 
changfed into the cultivated field; the log" cabin to 
the mansion. The hominy block to the mill with 
its improvements. The lone track througfh the for- 
ests to g"ood roads, to the iron rail, fastmail and 
electric wire with its lig"htning" messeng"er. The 
wolf, bear and deer have disappeared, their places 
being" occupied by the more docile and useful animals 
of the cultivated field. New svstems of tillag"e and 

Of H(trrist>?i Coioity, Ohio. 55 

new devisements of aj^riculture have been intro- 
duced, a thorou^'h chang-e has overtaken the farm 
and the utensils of the farm. Instead of the cheery 
blaze of the g^lowinjjf pine we have the dazzlinjj- 
chandelier, the ^as and electric lig-hts.^ In our 
honors name, however, let it be recorded that we are 
not an uno-rateful posterity. May the memories of 
our pioneer fathers \on^ be cherished, and their 
names be held in admirinuf esteem and reverence. 
May no ung-rateful thoug*ht be entertained or unkind 
or rude word be spoken to the few who survive and 
patientl}'^ wait for the white wave to lift them free. 
The shore, the palm, the victory, the rest is but 

■• Aiiollicr Uiiid iiioir hriglil Ihuii thi^. 

To their dim sijjat ;ip|ieai'^ 
And on their way to it tlK'v'll soon 
Attain !»<■ idoiiecrs." 

When it becomes necessary to build another Temple 
of Justice for Harrison County, i aside from any acci- 
dent) will the]U|"enerati(m then living- call us pioneers?" 


Asnociate Judj^es 15 

Auditors , 16 

County Clerks 17 

County Recoi-ders 17 

Commissioners 17 

Congressmen 18 

Cadiz Bar 1» 

Cliildren's Home 22 

Churches 24 

Description of New Court House 12 

Kirst Courts « 

First Court House 7 

<ieneral Beebe's Letter 41 

General Description of Harrison County 44 

Harrison County Agricultural Society ;{« 

Harrison County in the War of the Rebellion 29 

Harrison County Banks and Bankers 34 

Intirmaries ". 19 

Introductory page :-! 

Jail ■ 5 

Memliers of Board of Equalization \x 

-Vewspapers 3S 

Our Pioneers 4 

Organization of County 5 

Pliysicians of the County 43 

I'rosecuting Attorneys ..' 16 

Koads " 37 

I'ailroads 37 

KeiJi-esentatiyes 15 

Keminisceuees of Morgan's Raid Through Moorefleld 52 

Scraps of History 48 

Shenfls. " 17 

State Senators 15 

Suryeyors Itt 

.Schools and Colleges 25 

Second Court House 8 

Troasurers ir. 


Kiontispieces— Laving of Cornerstone Ne\y Court House, Mav 17. IH<*4. 
S. b. Mc(iavran, M. D. 

Franklin College '■'•'£ 

Farmers and Mechanics National Bank 46 

Hopedale College 28 

Harrison National Bank 35 

Harrison County Inttrmary 40 

Harrison County Children's Home 48 

New Court House 13 

Old Court House .18 

Seio Colle^re.. 27